puddling process patented

puddling process patented

The puddling process, past and present - ScienceDirect

The patent of Henry Cort bears the date of 1784. Sinee that time the improvements in the process have mainly consisted in the replacement of sand by iron bottoms by Sanmel Baldwyn Rogers in 1818, and the still more recent substitution of iron oxide tbr the refractory materials used ibr the sides and bridge of the hearth, which distinguishes the ...

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US511162A - Puddling-furnace - Google Patents

US511162A US511162DA US511162A US 511162 A US511162 A US 511162A US 511162D A US511162D A US 511162DA US 511162 A US511162 A US 511162A Authority US United States Prior art keywords grate furnace chamber hearth air Prior art date 1893-12-19 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion.

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US6279A - Scofield - Google Patents

US6279A US6279DA US6279A US 6279 A US6279 A US 6279A US 6279D A US6279D A US 6279DA US 6279 A US6279 A US 6279A Authority US United States Prior art keywords iron puddling chamber furnaces heating Prior art date 1849-04-03 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion.

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The Interactive History of Metallurgy - Timeline of metal ...

Patented by Henry Cort of Hampshire, the puddling process consisted of stirring molten pig iron in a reverberating furnace in an oxidising atmosphere to decarbonise it. Afterward, the iron was gathered into a ball, shingled and rolled out.

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Puddling_(metallurgy)

Puddling was an Industrial Revolution means of making iron and steel.In the original puddling technique, molten iron in a reverberatory furnace was stirred with rods, which were consumed in the process. Later, it was also used to produce a good-quality steel with the correct amount of carbon; this was a highly skilled art, but both high-carbon and low-carbon steels were successfully produced ...

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The puddling process, past and present - ScienceDirect

The patent of Henry Cort bears the date of 1784. Sinee that time the improvements in the process have mainly consisted in the replacement of sand by iron bottoms by Sanmel Baldwyn Rogers in 1818, and the still more recent substitution of iron oxide tbr the refractory materials used ibr the sides and bridge of the hearth, which distinguishes the ...

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US124224A - Improvement in apparatus for puddling iron ...

US124224A US124224DA US124224A US 124224 A US124224 A US 124224A US 124224D A US124224D A US 124224DA US 124224 A US124224 A US 124224A Authority US United States Prior art keywords vessel frame revolving axis chamber Prior art date 1872-03-05 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion.

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Technological Change in the British Wrought Iron Industry ...

coal to the refining process almost entirely in terms of Henry Cort's "puddling process", patented in I 783-4.2 The standard interpretation is that there were no significant innovations in refining before I783 and that the puddling process saved the wrought-iron

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Puddlers, Shinglers Rollers: the Story of Malleable Iron ...

Puddling was the first successful process for making malleable iron from pig iron without using charcoal. Unlike in the Finery the iron was not in direct contact with the fuel of a puddling

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English History Timeline - 1500 to present

1784 Henry Cort's puddling process patented Bell's cylindrical process of calico printing Andrew Meikle's threshing machine Watt's double-acting steam-engine. 1783 Shelburne ministry Pitt ministry. 1784 East India Act. 1785 Steam-engines first applied to spinning machinery Arkwright's patents declared invalid New Lanark Mills founded by David Dale

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Changes to Iron Production History of Western ...

The process continued ntil the late 19th century when iron was displaced by steel. Because puddling required human skill in sensing the iron globs, it was never successfully mechanized. Hot blast, patented by James Beaumont Neilson in 1828, was the most important development of the 19th century for saving energy in making pig iron.

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US6123865A - Method for improving etch ... - Google Patents

A method for improving etch uniformity during a wet etching process is disclosed. The method comprises the steps of first rinsing the wafer to form a water film over the wafer surface, followed by liquid phase etching. The water film helps the subsequent viscous etchant to be spread across the wafer surface more uniformly to thereby improve the etch uniformity.

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Searcher

Terms and keywords related to: Puddling Mud-puddling. Furnaces

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Can Recipes Be Patented? USPTO

Jul 19, 2016  First, remember that patents may be granted for any "new and useful process, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof" according to Title 35 of the United States Code, Section 101 (35 U.S.C. 101). A food product or recipe typically has three components: a list of ingredients, instructions on how ...

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Setting Asset Valuation: Patents

Feb 11, 2021  A patent provides an inventor with exclusive rights to the patented process, design, or invention for a certain period of time. For a business, patents are classified as intellectual property, a ...

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US Patent, Patent Application and Patent Search - Justia ...

Browse Patents by US Classification. Apparel (Class 2) Baths, closets, sinks, and spittoons (Class 4) Beds (Class 5) Compound tools (Class 7) Bleaching and dyeing; fluid treatment and chemical modification of textiles and fibers (Class 8) Boot and shoe making (Class 12) Bridges (Class 14) Brushing, scrubbing, and general cleaning (Class 15)

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who invented the puddling process

who invented the puddling process. 20 Apr. who invented the puddling process. Posted at 05:29h in Uncategorized by 0 Comments. 0 Likes ...

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Puddling (metallurgy) - In SNST, Lanzhou University

History. Puddling was the first true industrial process to make oxygen in the air and burning off any surplus carbon.. In Europe, the process was one of several that were developed in the second half of the 18th century for producing Henry Cort at Fontley in Hampshire in 1783–4 and patented in 1784. A superficially similar (but probably less effective) process was patented the previous year ...

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Puddling furnace - Academic Kids

It is the process of manually handling and stirring the iron during and after this process that gives us the name "wrought". Invented by Peter Onions and patented by Henry Cort in 1783-4, the puddling process, along with the blast furnace, led to a massive increase in the amount of

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Wikizero - Puddling (metallurgy)

The process of puddling consisted in stirring the molten iron run out in a puddle, and had the effect of so changing its anotomic arrangement as to render the process of rolling more efficacious." Cort's process (as patented) only worked for white cast iron, not grey cast iron, which was the

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The Interactive History of Metallurgy - Timeline of metal ...

Patented by Henry Cort of Hampshire, the puddling process consisted of stirring molten pig iron in a reverberating furnace in an oxidising atmosphere to decarbonise it. Afterward, the iron was gathered into a ball, shingled and rolled out.

Read More
Puddlers, Shinglers Rollers: the Story of Malleable Iron ...

Puddling was the first successful process for making malleable iron from pig iron without using charcoal. Unlike in the Finery the iron was not in direct contact with the fuel of a puddling

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who invented the puddling process

who invented the puddling process. 20 Apr. who invented the puddling process. Posted at 05:29h in Uncategorized by 0 Comments. 0 Likes ...

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Patterns of innovation during the Industrial Revolution: A ...

Jun 23, 2021  In this way, INV_EM reinstates the importance of patents such as James Hargreaves’ spinning jenny (patent n. 962) and Henry Cort’s puddling process (patent n. 1351) that were relatively overlooked by WRI*.

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Puddling (metallurgy) - Blogger

Nov 18, 2018  The process of puddling consisted in stirring the molten iron run out in a puddle, and had the effect of so changing its anotomic arrangement as to render the process of rolling more efficacious." [7] Cort's process (as patented) only worked for white cast iron, not grey cast iron, which was the usual feedstock for forges of the period.

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Patents - WIPO

A patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides, in general, a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem. To get a patent, technical information about the invention must be disclosed to the public in a patent application.

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Why Amazon’s '1-Click' Ordering Was a Game Changer ...

The 1-Click system may have been non-obvious back when it was patented, but today, “everybody knows about Amazon and iTunes, where the 1-Click patent is in effect, and people take it for granted ...

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puddling - Traducción al español - ejemplos inglés ...

In 1783 he patented the puddling process for refining iron ore. En 1783 patentó el proceso de pudelación o pudelado para refinar el hierro. A large synthetic brush #4 or #5 for puddling large areas and glazing. Un gran pincel sintético (número 4 o 5) para la tempera, las veladuras y el cepillado.

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Writing Descriptions for a Patent Application

Jan 06, 2020  The process of writing a patent application, no matter how complicated your product or process is, begins simply: with a description. This description—together with the claims section, which defines the boundaries of patent protection—is often referred to as the specification. As the word suggests, in these sections of the patent ...

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Patents Bureau of Land Management

Patents. A patented mining claim is one for which the Federal Government has passed its title to the claimant, giving him or her exclusive title to the locatable minerals and, in most cases, the surface and all resources. However, effective October 1, 1994, Congress imposed a moratorium on spending appropriated funds for the acceptance or ...

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Industrial Revolution Facts for Kids What, Figures ...

The invention of the puddling process produced the structural grade iron far more cheaply than the finery forge. Rolling mill and the hot blast were other developments that contributed to the increased production and efficiency of iron production after the 1820s.

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Puddling Iron High Resolution Stock Photography and Images ...

Henry Cort (1740-1800) was the father of the British iron trade and tubal cain of our century. Henry Cort was an English ironmaster. During the Industrial Revolution in England, Cort began refining iron from pig iron to wrought iron (or bar iron) using innovative production systems. In 1783 he patented the puddling process for refining iron ore.

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(PDF) Extra Special Best Best: Black Country iron puddling ...

The invention of the puddling process is usually attributed to Henry Cort, who registered a patent in 1784. The origins of the process are still unclear, and it is evident that there were a number of attempts earlier in the eighteenth century to produce malleable iron in a coal-fired reverberatory furnace (Mott 1983, 1-15;Schubert 1957, 282-84).

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